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What is Edge Computing? Definition & Benefits

Banks may need edge to analyze ATM video feeds in real-time in order to increase consumer safety. Mining companies can use their data to optimize their operations, improve worker safety, reduce energy consumption and increase productivity. Retailers can personalize the shopping experiences for their customers and rapidly communicate specialized offers.

what is edge computing with example

On top workforce, information and infrastructure are not limited to a few enterprises defined locations. This decentralization demands decentralized processing and storage as transporting volume of traffic to and from central systems is as inefficient as it’s expensive. While a single device producing data can transmit it across a network quite easily, problems arise when the number of devices transmitting data at the same time grows.

Examples and types of edge computing

Just as the number of internet-connected devices continues to climb, so does the number of use cases where edge computing can either save a company money or take advantage of extremely low latency. We’re the world’s leading provider of enterprise open source solutions—including Linux, cloud, container, and Kubernetes. We deliver hardened solutions that make it easier for enterprises to work across platforms and environments, from the core datacenter to the network edge. The Internet of Things (IoT) is made up of smart devices connected to a network—sending and receiving large amounts of data to and from other devices—which produces a large amount of data to be processed and analyzed. Data can’t always be moved from one location to another due to conflicting privacy laws. For instance, transferring data to and from the European Union must comply with GDPR guidelines.

what is edge computing with example

What makes edge so exciting is the potential it has for transforming business across every industry and function, from customer engagement and marketing to production and back-office operations. In all cases, edge helps make business functions proactive and adaptive—often in real-time—leading to new, optimized experiences for people. A company uses mobile edge computing infrastructure such as 5G networks and 5G-based mobile cloud computing services to develop, deploy, and scale ultra-low-latency applications. Industries like autonomous vehicles, the advent of smarter cities, and powerful connectivity rollouts like 5G – all combined with computing and data processing applications in harsh locations – are driving edge computing adoption.

Improved data security

As a result, most edge devices can only really apply edge computing to one thing. They aren’t necessarily single-use, but they also aren’t as versatile as strictly cloud devices. For example, edge devices still need an internet connection for maximum utility. Edge computing allows data to be split between the device and the cloud to speed things up.

It requires a clear scope and purpose before deployment as well as additional equipment and resources to function. Find a vendor with a proven multicloud platform and a comprehensive portfolio of services designed to increase scalability, accelerate performance and strengthen security in your edge deployments. Ask your vendor about extended services that maximize intelligence and performance at the edge.

What are IoT and edge computing?

Any information that needs to be sent back to the data center can be encrypted before transmission. Enterprises also use edge computing to comply with data sovereignty laws, such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), by keeping any sensitive data close to the source. Setting up edge devices for patient monitoring definition of edge computing can help hospitals ensure data privacy and improve patient care. The staff can offer faster and better care to patients while the hospital reduces the amount of data traveling across networks and avoids central server overloads. A company can partner with a local edge data center to quickly expand and test new markets.

  • But the number of devices connected to the internet, and the volume of data being produced by those devices and used by businesses, is growing far too quickly for traditional data center infrastructures to accommodate.
  • Edge computing is indeed a technology on the rise and is leading us to a new era of data analytics.
  • This makes it the preferred approach of industries that handle sensitive personal data, like finance and healthcare.
  • Edge monitoring often involves an array of metrics and KPIs, such as site availability or uptime, network performance, storage capacity and utilization, and compute resources.
  • These feeds are instrumental in maintaining the overall safety of the vehicles and the passengers inside.

Edge architecture is a distributed computing architecture that encompasses all the components active in edge computing. Finally, Red Hat® OpenShift® is a Kubernetes platform to build, deploy, and manage container-based applications across any infrastructure or cloud—including private and public datacenters, or edge locations. Edge devices can be considered part of the IoT when the object has enough storage and compute to make low latency decisions and process data in milliseconds. Together, IoT and edge computing are a powerful way to rapidly analyze data in real-time. Yet, explaining edge computing to non-technical audiences can be tough – in part, because this type of data processing can take place in any number of ways and in such a variety of settings. At its simplest, edge computing is the practice of capturing, processing, and analyzing data near where it is created.

Reduced latency/increased speed

Most users have developed a craving for both smaller and more powerful devices. Because cloud computing involves networks of computers, it’s always going to be more powerful than any device that most people could reasonably own. On one end of the spectrum, a business might want to handle much of the process on their end.

what is edge computing with example

AI characters and interactivity for online games could also be enhanced, as data would be processed locally and in real time to match a player’s capabilities. Edge Computing is a type of network computing architecture that is defined by the geographic location or distribution of computing resources. The goal is to locate the network near – or at – the location of your data. It is not meant to replace the cloud (whereby networking resources are located around the globe), but rather, it seeks to add the cloud to the same location as the data source. The main goal is to reduce response time, especially in crucial cases that need immediate or emergency response, like self-driving cars and fire alarm systems. As all networks have a limited bandwidth, the volume of data that can be transferred and the number of devices that can process this is limited as well.

Smart Cities, Clean Energy and Green Technology

Edge computing can bring the data storage and processing centers close to the smart home and reduce backhaul costs and latency. Finally, edge computing offers an additional opportunity to implement and ensure data security. Although cloud providers have IoT services and specialize in complex analysis, enterprises remain concerned about the safety and security of data once it leaves the https://www.globalcloudteam.com/ edge and travels back to the cloud or data center. But the number of devices connected to the internet, and the volume of data being produced by those devices and used by businesses, is growing far too quickly for traditional data center infrastructures to accommodate. Gartner predicted that by 2025, 75% of enterprise-generated data will be created outside of centralized data centers.

Because of underlying network hardware and physical distances, there’s a limit to this capacity. And even if a faster technology like 5G is coming, there will still be an upper limit to bandwidth. For instance, take an IoT sensor that monitors the condition of a factory’s equipment. Rather than transmit vast volumes of raw measurement data to a server, some can be processed on-site. Only select data, such as which machines need maintenance work, are sent back to the server. Devices that are located further away from the server will also introduce some delay, called latency.

Reduced cooling costs

As a result, there will always be a delay when the data is sent to the time it’s received. The function and limits of an edge device differ significantly, depending on the industry. For instance, edge devices in healthcare are often in the form of wearable devices and implants. These are responsible for measuring patients’ vitals and, in some cases, even responding based on these measurements. This lag problem is unacceptable with IoT devices that need to work in real-time.

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